计算机专业英语(第4版)

电脑英语
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卜艳萍 (作者) 978-7-115-58562-2

关于本书的内容有任何问题,请联系 范博涛

1.“十一五”职业教育国家规划教材改版
2.增加了对最新计算机技术的介绍,如大数据、云计算、社交网络、神经网络、电子支付、智能技术等
3.配套译文、词汇表、课后练习及答案
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教学资源仅供教师教学使用,转载或另作他用版权方有权追究法律责任。

内容摘要

全书将专业英语的语法知识,计算机的硬件、软件、数据处理技术、网络技术及计算机应用等内容分成6章。第1 章介绍计算机专业英语的基础知识,包括计算机专业英语的构词法分析、语法知识介绍、专业资料的翻译与写作等内容;第2 章为计算机硬件知识,内容有中央处理器、存储器和输入/输出设备;第3 章为计算机软件知识,内容有操作系统、数据结构及编程语言;第4 章为数据处理技术,包括数据库原理、数据仓库与数据挖掘、大数据和云计算技术;第5 章为计算机网络知识,内容有网络基础、信息安全、无线网络;
第6 章为计算机应用,包括电子商务、移动商务、人工智能、神经网络与专家系统及办公自动化。每章的最后部分是专业英语应用模块。
本书可作为高等教育本、专科院校计算机相关专业的教材,也可作为参考书供读者使用。

目录

第1 章
计算机专业英语基础知识...................................................... 1
1.1 计算机专业英语的特点................................................................................................... 1
1.1.1 用词和语法的特点...........................................................................................................1
1.1.2 It … 句型结构................................................................................................................3
1.1.3 专业文献的特征..............................................................................................................4
1.2 计算机专业词汇的构词法分析........................................................................................ 5
1.2.1 专业英语词汇的构成特点................................................................................................. 5
1.2.2 词汇缩略......................................................................................................................10
1.2.3 计算机专用术语与命令..................................................................................................11
1.3 专业英语中的常用语法知识.......................................................................................... 15
1.3.1 动词不定式..................................................................................................................15
1.3.2 分词............................................................................................................................17
1.3.3 动名词.........................................................................................................................19
1.3.4 被动语态...................................................................................................................... 20
1.3.5 定语从句...................................................................................................................... 22
1.3.6 状语从句...................................................................................................................... 24
1.3.7 时态简介...................................................................................................................... 27
1.4 计算机专业资料的翻译与写作...................................................................................... 30
1.4.1 专业英语的阅读............................................................................................................30
1.4.2 专业英语翻译............................................................................................................... 32
1.4.3 专业英语写作...............................................................................................................40
第2 章
Hardware Knowledge................................................... 43
2.1 CPU ....................................................................................................................... 43
2.1.1 Text ............................................................................................................................43
2.1.2 Exercises ...................................................................................................................48
2.1.3 Reading Material ........................................................................................................49
2.2 Memory.................................................................................................................. 51
2.2.1 Text ............................................................................................................................51
2.2.2 Exercises ................................................................................................................... 55
2.2.3 Reading Material ........................................................................................................ 56
2.3 Input/Output Devices ............................................................................................ 57
2.3.1 Text ............................................................................................................................57
2.3.2 Exercises ...................................................................................................................63
2.3.3 Reading Material ........................................................................................................64
2.4 专业英语应用模块..................................................................................................... 66
2.4.1 The Function of BIOS.................................................................................................66
2.4.2 Password Setup.........................................................................................................67
第3 章
Software Knowledge .................................................... 69
3.1 Operating System ................................................................................................. 69
3.1.1 Text............................................................................................................................69
3.1.2 Exercises ................................................................................................................... 73
3.1.3 Reading Material ........................................................................................................ 74
3.2 Data Structures..................................................................................................... 76
3.2.1 Text ............................................................................................................................76
3.2.2 Exercises ...................................................................................................................80
3.2.3 Reading Material ........................................................................................................81
3.3 Programming Language....................................................................................... 82
3.3.1 Text............................................................................................................................82
3.3.2 Exercises ...................................................................................................................86
3.3.3 Reading Material ........................................................................................................87
3.4 专业英语应用模块..................................................................................................... 89
3.4.1 Computer Malfunction ................................................................................................89
3.4.2 The Malfunctions of Main Board................................................................................. 90
第4 章
Data Processing Technology ....................................... 92
4.1 Database Principle ................................................................................................ 92
4.1.1 Text............................................................................................................................92
4.1.2 Exercises ...................................................................................................................96
4.1.3 Reading Material ........................................................................................................ 97
4.2 Data Warehouse and Data Mining ....................................................................... 99
4.2.1 Text ............................................................................................................................99
4.2.2 Exercises .................................................................................................................104
4.2.3 Reading Material ...................................................................................................... 105
4.3 Big Data ...............................................................................................................106
4.3.1 Text..........................................................................................................................106
4.3.2 Exercises .................................................................................................................109
4.3.3 Reading Material ......................................................................................................110
4.4 Cloud Computing Technology ..............................................................................111
4.4.1 Text..........................................................................................................................111
4.4.2 Exercises .................................................................................................................115
4.4.3 Reading Material ......................................................................................................116
4.5 专业英语应用模块.................................................................................................... 118
4.5.1 The Interview Questions ..........................................................................................118
4.5.2 Resume ...................................................................................................................119
4.5.3 Appointment letter .................................................................................................... 121
第5 章
Computer Network Technology ................................. 122
5.1 Computer Network Basics ................................................................................... 122
5.1.1 Text.......................................................................................................................... 122
5.1.2 Exercises ................................................................................................................. 127
5.1.3 Reading Material ...................................................................................................... 128
5.2 Information Security............................................................................................. 129
5.2.1 Text ..........................................................................................................................129
5.2.2 Exercises ................................................................................................................. 133
5.2.3 Reading Material ...................................................................................................... 135
5.3 Wireless Networks............................................................................................... 137
5.3.1 Text..........................................................................................................................137
5.3.2 Exercises .................................................................................................................141
5.3.3 Reading Material ...................................................................................................... 142
5.4 专业英语应用模块....................................................................................................144
5.4.1 Self-Introduction ......................................................................................................144
5.4.2 Self-Recommendation............................................................................................. 145
第6 章
Computer Applications ............................................... 147
6.1 Electronic Commerce ..........................................................................................147
6.1.1 Text..........................................................................................................................147
6.1.2 Exercises ................................................................................................................. 152
6.1.3 Reading Material ...................................................................................................... 153
6.2 Mobile Commerce ...............................................................................................155
6.2.1 Text ..........................................................................................................................155
6.2.2 Exercises .................................................................................................................159
6.2.3 Reading Material ......................................................................................................160
6.3 Artificial Intelligence ............................................................................................. 162
6.3.1 Text..........................................................................................................................162
6.3.2 Exercises .................................................................................................................166
6.3.3 Reading Material ...................................................................................................... 167
6.4 Neural Networks and Expert System ..................................................................169
6.4.1 Text..........................................................................................................................169
6.4.2 Exercises .................................................................................................................174
6.4.3 Reading Material ...................................................................................................... 175
6.5 Office Automation ................................................................................................176
6.5.1 Text..........................................................................................................................176
6.5.2 Exercises .................................................................................................................181
6.5.3 Reading Material ...................................................................................................... 182
6.6 专业英语应用模块....................................................................................................184
6.6.1 Notification Letter .....................................................................................................184
6.6.2 Letters of Apologies .................................................................................................184
6.6.3 Letter of Inquiry ........................................................................................................185
参考译文....................................................................... 187
第2 章 硬件知识............................................................................................................187
第3 章 软件知识............................................................................................................199
第4 章 数据处理技术..................................................................................................... 209
第5 章 计算机网络技术...................................................................................................222
第6 章 计算机应用........................................................................................................ 233
练习答案....................................................................... 251
附录1
计算机专业英语词汇表..................................................... 261
附录2
计算机专业英语缩写词表.................................................. 284
参考文献....................................................................... 300

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作者介绍

卜艳萍,上海交通大学资深教师,研究方向:计算机控制系统的软硬件实现、面向对象程序设计技术、模式识别与智能系统 出版的教材: 1.《计算机组成与系统结构》主编, 清华大学出版社, 2008年6月 2.《计算机专业英语 (国家十一五规划教材) 》主编, 人民邮电出版社, 2007年9月 3.《电子商务的理论与实践》 参编, 化学工业出版社, 2007年9月 4.《汇编语言程序设计教程(第2版)》主编, 清华大学出版社, 2007年6月 5.《计算机专业英语(第2版)》 主编, 清华大学出版社, 2007年5月 6.《计算机专业英语(第2版)》 主编, 电子工业出版社, 2005年11月 7.《微型计算机原理及接口技术》参编, 清华大学出版社, 2004年12月 《计算机专业英语》主编, 清华大学出版社, 2004年9月 8.《汇编语言程序设计教程》主编, 清华大学出版社, 2004年7月 9.《电子电路分析与设计》第二译作者, 电子工业出版社, 2003年1月 10.《微机原理与接口技术》参编, 电子工业出版社, 2003年8月 11.《计算机专业英语》参编, 东南大学出版社, 2002年9月 12.《汇编语言程序设计》 主编, 电子工业出版社, 2002年2月。

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