材料物理双语教程

优秀名师创作材料物理双语教程
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密保秀 (作者)

关于本书的内容有任何问题,请联系 李召

1.填补我国材料物理双语教材的空白。
2.独特的内容结构,有别于传统《材料物理》主要针对金属及非金属中的无机材料,本书加入有机材料的物理特性。
3.教学名师双语编排,文章均来自原汁原味的英文参考书,提供准确、深入浅出。
¥98.00 ¥83.30 (8.5 折)

内容摘要

全书内容包括:(1)材料的组织结构的基本知识(晶体结构及缺陷);(2)材料的性质,主要侧重材料的电学性质(包括传导理论,影响材料电学性质的因素,材料的应用)、光学性质(光与物质的相互作用,应用等),及其光电特性(光生电,电生光的原理及应用),介绍材料结构与这些性质的关系和影响。为了教材内容的完整,在材料的性质部分,我们也简要地撰写了材料的力学及热学性质。

目录

Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Definition of Material 2
1.2 Family of Materials 3
1.3 Brief History of Material Development 3
1.4 Material Physics and Other Related Science 7
1.5 Importance of Material Science 9
Vocabulary 10
Problems 13
Chapter 2 Basic Structure and Organization of Atoms in a Material 15
2.1 Bonding Modes Among Atoms 16
2.2 Crystal Structure 21
2.2.1 Unit Cells, Space Lattices and Lattice Point 22
2.2.2 Crystal Systems 26
2.2.3 Representative Parameters for Crystal Systems 30
2.2.4 Crystal Structures of Metals and Organic Materials 36
2.3 Crystal Defects 39
2.4 Nanocrystalline Structures 45
2.5 Amorphous Structures 46
Vocabulary 49
Problems 51
Chapter 3 Fundamentals of Electron Theory 53
3.1 Introduction 54
3.2 Wave Particle Duality and Quantum Mechanics 54
3.3 Wave Function and Schr?dinger Equation 58
3.4 Classical and Quantum Statistics 62
3.5 Free Electron Theory of Metals 65
3.6 Band Theory of Solids 79
3.6.1 Schr?dinger Equation and Its Solution Under near Free Electron Approximation 79
3.6.2 Bandgap 80
3.6.3 Interpretation of Conductivity 82
3.6.4 Brillouin Zone Under Near Free Electron Approximate 84
3.6.5 State Density under Band Theory 85
3.6.6 Effective Electron Mass as a Function of k 86
Vocabulary 88
Problems 90
Chapter 4 Solid State Phase Transformation 93
4.1 Concepts 94
4.2 Features of Solid State Phase Transformation 99
4.2.1 General Procedure 99
4.2.2 Phase Interface 99
4.2.3 Orientation Relationship 100
4.2.4 Habit Plane 100
4.2.5 Strain Energy 101
4.2.6 Influence of Defects 102
4.2.7 Atom Diffusion 102
4.3 Classification of Solid State Phase Transformation 103
4.3.1 Classification Based on Thermodynamics 103
4.3.2 Classification Based on Atomic Diffusion 105
4.4 Polycrystalline Transformation 105
4.5 Eutectoid Transformation 108
4.5.1 Thermodynamics of Eutectoid Transformation 108
4.5.2 Processes in Eutectoid Transformation 109
4.5.3 Dynamic Characteristics: TTT Curve 112
4.6 Austenite–Martensite Transformation 112
4.6.1 Historical Remark 112
4.6.2 Features of Martensitic Transformation 113
4.6.3 Dynamic Process 115
4.6.4 Shapes of Martensite 118
4.6.5 The Mechanism of Martensite Formation 119
4.6.6 Thermoelastic Martensite and Shape Memory Effect 121
4.7 Glass Transition 123
Vocabulary 126
Problems 128
Chapter 5 Mechanical Properties 131
5.1 Significance of Material Mechanical Properties 132
5.2 Basic Concepts in Mechanics 133
5.3 Elastic Deformation 146
5.4 Plastic Deformation 147
5.5 Creep and Stress Relaxation 156
5.6 Fracture and Fatigue 159
Vocabulary 162
Problems 164
Chapter 6 Electrical Properties 165
6.1 Basic Concepts for Electricity 166
6.1.1 Ohm’s Law 166
6.1.2 Conductivity 167
6.1.3 Mean Free Path 169
6.1.4 Materials with Different Electrical Properties 169
6.2 Conductor 171
6.2.1 Metal Conductor 171
6.2.2 Transparent Conducting Oxide (TCO) 179
6.3 Semiconductor 182
6.3.1 Inorganic Semiconductor 183
6.3.2 Organic Semiconductor 197
6.3.3 Application of Semiconductor 201
6.4 Superconductor 206
6.4.1 Phenomenon and Definition 206
6.4.2 Meissner Effect 209
6.4.3 Critical Magnetic Field 211
6.4.4 Critical Current Density (JC) 212
6.4.5 Thermal Dynamic Features 213
6.4.6 Classification of Superconductor 218
6.4.7 Theory about Superconducting 220
6.4.8 Tunnelling/Josephson Effect 225
6.4.9 Applications of Superconductor 228
6.5 Dielectric Material 232
6.5.1 What is Dielectric Material 232
6.5.2 Characterization 233
6.5.3 Polarization Mechanism 235
6.5.4 Complex Dielectric Constant and Dielectric Loss 240
6.5.5 Dielectric Breakdown 245
6.6 Thermoelectricity of Material 247
6.6.1 Thermoelectric Potential and Absolute Thermoelectric Coefficient 247
6.6.2 Classification 248
6.6.3 Applications 249
Vocabulary 254
Problems 259
Chapter 7 Magnetic Properties 263
7.1 Introduction 264
7.2 Characterization and Principles for Magnetism 265
7.2.1 Magnetic Field Intensity and Magnetic Force—Macroscopic Approach 265
7.2.2 Magnetic Dipole, Magnetic Moment and Magnetization—Microscopic Approach 266
7.2.3 Magnetic Inductance, Permeability and Magnetic Susceptibility 272
7.2.4 Magnetism Classification 274
7.3 Features of Ferromagnetic Materials 284
7.3.1 Curie Point 284
7.3.2 Order–Disorder Transformations 285
7.3.3 Magnetic Domain 286
7.3.4 Features of Ferromagnetic Materials in Magnetic Fields 288
7.4 Functional Magnetic Materials 292
Vocabulary 298
Problems 299
Chapter 8 Optical Properties 301
8.1 Light 302
8.1.1 History of Optical Science 302
8.1.2 Light Wave-Electromagnetic Wave 304
8.2 Interaction of Light with Materials 306
8.2.1 Macro Phenomena 306
8.2.2 Mechanisms 307
8.3 Optical Property of Materials 324
8.3.1 Metals 324
8.3.2 Nonmetals 325
8.4 Applications of Optical Materials 334
8.4.1 Optical Fibers in Communications 334
8.4.2 Plastic Optics 338
8.4.3 Luminescent Materials (Inorganic Only) 346
Vocabulary 348
Problems 349
Chapter 9 Thermal Properties 351
9.1 Heat Capacity 352
9.1.1 Definition 352
9.1.2 Classical Model (Dulong-Petit Law) 353
9.1.3 Einstein Model 355
9.1.4 Debye Model 358
9.1.5 Comparison of Models 362
9.1.6 Heat Capacity in Real Materials 364
9.2 Thermal Conductivity 365
9.2.1 Thermal Conductivity and Thermal Diffusivity 365
9.2.2 Mechanism for Heat Conduction 367
9.2.3 Thermal Conduction in Real Materials 371
9.3 Thermal Expansion 377
9.3.1 Length and Volume Thermal Expansions 377
9.3.2 Theory for Thermal Expansion 379
9.3.3 Thermal Expansion and Heat Capacity 381
9.3.4 Thermal Expansion and Melting Point 382
9.4 Thermal Stability and Thermal Shock 382
Vocabulary 385
Problems 386
参考文献 388

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作者介绍

密保秀1.编写《有机电子学》获得了校级精品教材的立项、江苏省精品教材的立项、“中华优秀出版物奖图书提名奖”。2.2008年,获得教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划,2009年,获得南京邮电大学校长特聘教授称号,2010年入选博士研究生导师。获授权美国发明专利4项,授权/公开中国发明专利12项。文章被多次引用(累计引用次数1000余次)。3.2015年获校级微课比赛3等奖、校级名师荣誉称号。

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